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Daisy: Daisy, common name for a number of flowering herbs of a family of composite flowers. True daisies include the English daisy, a flower with a yellow disk and small white or pink rays, and the western daisy of the United States, which has violet or purple rays. Various other species are called daisies, including the African daisy. The black-eyed Susan is a common United States wild flower with a dark brown disk and yellow rays.
Bellis perennis is a common European species of Daisy, often considered the archetypal species of that name, though many other related plants share the name; to distinguish it from other daisies, it is sometimes qualified as Common Daisy, Lawn Daisy or occasionally English daisy. It is native to western, central and northern Europe. The species is widely naturalized in North America, where it is considered an invasive weed.
it is a herbaceous plant with short creeping rhizomes and small rounded or spoon-shaped evergreen leaves 2-5 cm long, grows close to ground. The flowerheads are 2-3 cm in diameter, with white ray florets (often tipped red) and yellow disc florets; they are produced on leafless stems 2-10 cm (rarely 15 cm) tall. The lawn daisy is a dicot.
Scientific classification: Daisies belong to the family Asteraceae (formerly Compositae). The English daisy is classified as Bellis perennis and the western daisy of the United States as Astrathium integrifolium integrifolium. African daisies make up the genus Arctotis. The black-eyed Susan is classified as Rudbeckia hirta.
It is not affected by mowing and is therefore often considered a weed on lawns, though many also value the appearance of the flowers. Several cultivars and hybrids have been selected with much larger flower heads up to 5-6 cm diameter and with light pink to purple-red ray florets.
Bellis perennis has astringent properties and has been used in folk medicine.
Green leaves are edible, consume moderately.
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