Marigolds are a broad category of flowers with many different varieties. There are varieties that are hardy in just about any planting zone, tall and short ones, single and multi-colored ones. Marigolds are easy to grow and a good plant for children to try. Since Marigolds are started from seed, they can be started indoors to give you a jump on the season.


  • The different varieties of Marigolds are hardy in different climates as defined by they planting zones. The French Marigolds are hardy in zones 3 to 9. The African/American Marigolds are hardy in zones 3 to 9 and the Signet Marigold is hardy in zones 9 to 11. Marigolds are annuals.
  • Planting

  • Marigold seeds should be planted about 3/4-inch apart, covered lightly with soil and given a good watering. The plant itself will start to grow in just a couple of day, but it will be about a month and a half before the flowers appear. Marigolds are an annual, so they will have to be re planted each year. Marigolds can go in full sun or partial shade and a moist, well-drained soil.
  • Problems

  • Insects as a whole do not like the aroma of Marigolds. As a matter of fact, if you plant Marigolds with other flowers and even in the vegetable garden, the insects will stay away from all of the plants. Slugs are another story. They love to eat the leaves of the Marigold plant and can destroy all of the plants in a very short time.

  • Facts About Marigolds

    • Marigold (Calendula) is an extremely effective herb for the treatment of skin problems and can be used wherever there is inflammation of the skin, whether due to infection or physical damage; for example, crural ulceration, varicose veins, haemorrhoids, anal fissures, mastitis, sebaceous cysts, impetigo or other inflamed cutaneous lesions.
    • As an ointment, Marigold (Calendula) is an excellent effective herb such as subdermal broken capillaries or sunburn. The sap from the stem is reputed to remove warts, corns and calluses.
    • In the 12th century Macer wrote that merely looking at the Marigold plant would improve the eyesight and lighten the mood.
    • In South Asia bright yellow and orange Marigold flowers are used in their thousands in garlands and to decorate religious statues and buildings. They are also used as offerings and decoration at funerals, weddings and other ceremonies.
    • Pigments in Marigolds are sometimes extracted and used as a food colouring for humans and livestock.

    Propagating and Growing Marigolds

    Marigolds can be propagated by seeds. The plants need about 45 days to flower after seeding. Marigold seeds should be sown 2cm apart. Cover seeds with 1/4 inch of potting soil. Water sufficiently. Plants will appear within a few days. When true leaves have formed, transplant into individual containers or outdoors.

    Marigolds are robust, non-fussy plants that bring a lot of sunshine in your garden. Marigolds can be grown easily.

    • Plant your seeds in half-sunny or sunny locations.
    • The soil must be well-drained, moist and fertile.
    • Add potash fertilizers to prolong the flowering period.
    • Pinch off the first flowers before they open. This will lead to a larger number of flowers.

    Care for Marigolds

    Marigolds have a pungent odor which keeps insects at bay, but they can be bothered by slugs. Also, tall American and Triploid Marigold varieties need staking to protect them from strong winds and heavy rainfall. Learn more on growing and taking care of Marigolds.

    Kingdom: Plantae
    Division: Magnoliophyta
    Class: Magnoliopsida
    Order: Asterales
    Family: Asteraceae
    Genus: Tagetes, Calendula

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