Description of Bald Cypress Tree
Speaking about the plant description of bald cypress, it is a tall tree that grows to about 75 - 100 feet and attains a girth diameter of about 2 - 3 meters. The growth rate of this deciduous tree is about 12 - 18 inches per year. The bark is brownish red in color and stringy in texture. The needle-shaped foliage is borne around the stem. Each needle is about 1 - 2 cm long and 1 - 2 mm wide. The growth habit and appearance of bald cypress resembles that of an evergreen tree.
Male and female strobili are developed in the same tree (monoecious), which mature after a year. Most of the species produce strobili every year. Fertilization of the male and female gametes occurs in winter, resulting in seed cone formation. The matured seed cone is globular in shape and green in color, which turns grayish brown after maturation. About 20 - 40 triangular seeds are present per seed cone.
Tips for Growing Bald Cypress Tree
Bald cypress tree is a popular landscaping tree, especially due to its attractive pyramidal shape and adaptability to poor nutrient soils and cold climatic conditions. It is also planted as a street tree, as the maintenance is low in comparison to other ornamental deciduous trees. The tree is very tolerant of wind. Bald cypress tree grows best in wet soil and sunny areas. The plant is intolerant to shade conditions. It can be trained properly for creating bonsai tree. For growing bald cypress, you can either use seeds or young plantlets.
Bald Cypress Germination: The germination of bald cypress takes place when the seeds are exposed to damp and moist conditions for a prolonged time (1- 3 months). Since germination requires a long period, you can opt for plantation of young plantlets that are available in horticultural shops. You can remove at least half of the burlap that adheres to the root ball before introducing the plantlet to the soil.
Soil Preparation and Plantation: Sandy loams are best suited for growing bald cypress trees. You can prepare soil in early spring for growing a bald cypress tree. Prior to growing the plantlet, prepare the soil by adding farmyard compost and / or organic fertilizer. Following this, dig the soil to such a depth that the root ball can be fitted to the planting hole. For plantation, introduce the root ball in the planting hole, water properly and cover with soil.
Bald Cypress Watering: As bald cypress trees are naturally adapted to swampy areas, deep watering should be done regularly, at least every alternate day. In warm climatic regions, the plantlets should be watered twice everyday, once in the morning and once in evening. Many of the hobbyists prefer to keep the plants in submerged condition during summer months.
Bald Cypress Mulching and Fertilization: Mulching the plantation site of bald cypress tree is recommended to conserve maximum moisture and control weed growth. You can cover the area with 3 - 4 inch thick mulch. Regarding bald cypress fertilizer, it grows well even without application of external fertilizers. Nevertheless, if the soil lacks nutrients, you can add organic fertilizers during spring and summer. Fertilization of bald cypress tree in winter is not advisable.
Bald Cypress Problems: The most common disease of bald cypress tree is twig blight, that is caused due to infestations by Pestalotia funerea. This fungal pathogen attacks dead and dying trees, especially when the plant is in the dormant state. In order to prevent twig blight, the dead and dry branches of bald cypress tree should be pruned regularly.
Cypress knees are a characteristic feature of this species, which is a an adaption for growing in water. These are knee like structures that arises above the ground level. As the tree grows in swampy areas, the bald cypress woods are resistant to water rots. This wood, also referred to as wood eternal, is favorable for making a wide range of outdoor and gardening furniture.
Light: Sun,Part Sun
Plant Type: Tree
Plant Height: To 130 feet tall
Plant Width: To 30 feet wide
Landscape Uses: Beds & Borders
Special Features: Fall Color,Tolerates Wet Soil,Easy to Grow
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